The Bush- Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) is a standardised, quantifiable examination of catatonia designed to screen and diagnose. Tab. 1: According to the item Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS), here partially modified and partially reported, the severity of catatonia is. PDF | Objective: This article aims to describe the adaptation and translation process of the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) and.

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Zeitschrift fur die gesamte Neurol und Psychiatr The recognition of catatonic features by criteria used to define catatonia has been found to be inadequate.

A Clinician’s Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment.

International Universities Press Prevalence of catatonia in an acute psychiatric patient sample according to different criteria. Prevalence and clinical significance of catatonic symptoms in mania. Stuivenga M and Morrens M Prevalence of the catatonic syndrome in an acute inpatient sample.

And finally, psychiatric educators rarely include catatonic signs catahonia an important component of their curriculum.

The recognition of catatonia is essential since it is a syndrome that can be effectively and rapidly cayatonia in most cases. This notion is very intriguing since it can both have diagnostical and therapeutical implications and give clues toward future research on the underlying pathophysiology of the psychomotor syndrome.


Additional information is based upon clinical observations made during the course of the clinical interview. Journal of Affective Disorders, The YMRS is a rating scale to assess manic symptoms.

Some of the terms are not comprehensible to North American researchers e. Catatonia is a complex neuropsychiatric syndrome that occurs with primary psychiatric disorders or secondary to general medical conditions. Fink and Taylor made their own diagnostic criteria with emphasis on the duration of the catatonic symptoms Ungvari GS, Carroll B.

Journal List Psychiatry Edgmont v. In most clinical settings, systematic screening for depression, anxiety, suicidal risk, and substance abuse are commonly performed. This review article will illustrate the need for a new rating scale to screen and detect catatonia as it occurs in a variety of healthcare settings. However, again, different criteria for catatonia were used in these studies. We recommend that a new catatonia rating scale be used in a variety of clinical settings to detect, identify, and measure catatonia and its response to treatment among a population of at-risk patients.

This yielded six symptom clusters see Table 3: First, behavior problems are overemphasized in deference to motor disorders signs. Our current findings demonstrate the presence of at least one symptom that is labeled as being catatonic by the BFCRS in most of the patients admitted to an enclosed psychiatric ward.


It should also be noted that the most prevalent catatonic symptoms were not the strictly motor symptoms, which mostly seem associated with the traditional view on catatonia. Find articles by Brendan T. Third, while the BFCRS can be used to measure treatment response we have found that items 17 through 23 may still be present even after patients have improved clinically.

Depending on the criteria being used, we noticed an important difference in exact prevalence, which makes it clear that we need clear-cut criteria.

Review of three criteria-based definitions 1115 A review of the international literature]. Login Register Login using.

Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) – PsychTools

Partly in line with our results, he described that negativism and mannerism were mainly associated to dementia praecox 4. Rating scale and standardized examination. Joseph WY Lee Dr.

Please review our privacy policy. Introduction Catatonia is a psychomotor symptom cluster characterized by a heterogeneous group of mental, motor, vegetative, and behavioral signs. Some limitations of our study should be pointed out.