AGMA 2101-D04 PDF

CAUTION NOTICE: AGMA technical publications are subject to constant improvement, ANSI/AGMA D04, Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation. Credit line should read: “Extracted from ANSI/AGMA. Standard D04 or -D04 Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation Methods for Involute Spur. Citations should read: See ANSI/AGMA D04, Fundamental Rating Factors and Calculation Methods for Involute Spur and Helical Gear.

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Wear in high speed applications could be catastrophic where wgma magnitude of dynamic loading that can occur from nonconjugate gear tooth action is excessive. It provides the basis from which more detailed AGMA application standards are developed, and provides a basis for calculation of approximate ratings in the absence of such standards. It can be obtained from publications or by tests of bar material on R. However, caution must be taken to first normalize the material properties to the same statistical reliability 2101-e04 they are applied to Equation In certain cases, a system may possess a torsional natural frequency close to an excitation frequency associated with an operating speed.

Heat treating low alloy PM steels October 15, It includes all methods described in sheet 2 of VDI empirical 21101-d04, tooth root, tooth flank, deformation, wear.

The effect of tapered rims has not been investigated. Most recent version of AGMA At the time of development, the editions were valid. The grade cleanliness requirements apply only to those portions of the gear material where the teeth will be located, to a distance below the finished tip diameter of at least two times the tooth depth.

Calculation methods

You must enter two application factors to represent load spectra accurately. Lloyd’s register, classification for ships Calculation guideline for ships’ gears The rating of gear teeth due to wear is not covered by this standard. The choice of YN in the shaded area is influenced by: Standard size factors for gear teeth have not yet been established for cases where there is a detrimental size effect.


These values must be applied at the maximum peak load to which the gears are subjected. The key to a proper fit for keyways. Designs which have high crowns 2101-e04 centralize tooth contact under deflected conditions may not use this method. Another concern is press fitting the gear onto a shaft as this will induce stresses in the gear rim. Where sufficient experience is available from similar designs, satisfactory results can be obtained by extrapolation of previous tests avma field data.

However, the new edition does include the service factor calculation.

These fundamental rating formulas are applicable for rating the pitting resistance and bending strength of internal and external spur and helical involute gear teeth operating on gama axes. Falk Corporation Vice Chairman: The following definitions are given to explain the differences between these terms as applied to gearing: Effects of modified tooth proportions and load sharing are considered.

Field experience and test stand experience can be used to select design parameters and lubricant criteria to meet the application.

The stress cycle factor accounts for the S–N characteristics of the gear material as well as for the gradual increased tooth stress which may occur from tooth wear, resulting in increased dynamic effects and from shifting load distributions which may occur during the design life of the gearing.

This information is provided for evaluation by users of this standard, with the intent to include a scuffing evaluation method in a future version of this standard. Coupon proportions of minimum diameter 6 mn and minimum length 12 mn are used in ISO This risk is a function of oil viscosity and additives, operating bulk temperature of gear blanks, sliding velocity, surface roughness of teeth, gear materials and heat treatments, and surface pressure.

The four curves of figure 7 provide representative values for KHma based on the accuracy of gearing and misalignment effects which can be expected for the four classes of gearing shown.

New Refinements to the Use of AGMA Load Reversal and Reliability Factors

2101-d0 The normalized reliability level in the AGMA rating standard where the reliability factor is 1. Otherwise, use Method B.


However, as load is applied, cantilever bending deflection of the gear tooth as well as Hertzian deflection occurs and this localized contact is spread across some percentage of the active face width.

The dynamic factor, Kv, does not include considerations of the dynamic tooth loads due to torsional vibration of the gear system.

Published data [5] suggest the use of a stress modifying factor, KB, in this case. Log in to leave a comment. Due to the approximate nature of the empirical curves and the lack of measured tolerance values at the design stage, the dynamic factor curve should be selected based on experience with the manufacturing methods and operating considerations of the design.

Stresses in this range may exceed xgma elastic limit of the gear tooth 2101-0d4 bending stress.

Consensus is established when, in the judgment of the ANSI Board 2101-0d4 Standards Review, substantial agreement has been reached by directly and materially affected interests. Exceptions The formulas of this standard are not 2101-d4 to other types of gear tooth deterioration such as plastic yielding, wear, case crushing and welding.

The stress on a gear tooth on an idler or planet gear can also be considered to be fully reversing in the same way as the rotating shaft of Figure 1.

The overload factor, Ko, is intended to account for the operating sgma of the driving and driven equipment. In one-way bending, the mean stress is always half of the one-way bending endurance limit, S e.

In any design it is critical to make allowances for unknown variables in materials, machining tolerances, loading. Gear tooth accuracy considerations include: The responsibility for the vibration analysis of the system rests with the purchaser of the gearing.